7: Biography K-L
7:1  Kelley Family
7:2  King, Charles Hubert, M.D.
7:3  Arthur B. Williams Describes Dr. Kirtland's Great Contributions
7:4  Kirtland, Dr. Jared
7:5  Dr. Jared P. Kirtland
7:6  Kirtland, Jared P.
7:7  Kirtland, Dr. Jared P.
7:8  Kirtland, Dr. Jared P.
7:9  Dr. Jared P. Kirtland
7:10  Early Settlers (Dr. J.P. Kirtland)
7:11 Dr. Jared P. Kirtland
7:12  Dr. Jared P. Kirtland
7:13  Dr. Jared Kirtland
7:14  Kirtland--The Sage of Rockport
7:15  At Work on Biography of Lakewood Pioneer
7:16  Krakowsky, Jacob
7:17  A Tribute To A 60 Year Master Printer
7:18  E. George Lindstrom
7:19  E. George Lindstrom
7:20  Loomis, Elisha Scott
7:21  Lynch, Charles P.
7:22  Charles P. Lynch, 75, Lakewood Educator, Dies










7:1
KELLEY FAMILY
MRS. TOWNSEND'S SCRAP BOOK

In 1879, Datus Kelley occupied the place which had been owned by George Merwin. His brother Ira was a prominent Cleveland pioneer. These brothers bought Kelley's Island in 1834. Datus built a saw mill in Section 16 in 1817. It was on a creek which crossed North Ridge. Addison Kelley, son of Datus was born June, 1812, the second white child born in Rockport.

Datus Kelley was the oldest son of Daniel Kelley and Jemima Stow Kelley. He was born in Middlefield, Connecticut April 24, 1788. He went to Lowville, New York in 1798. As the eldest son, many duties came to him. At an early age he became a surveyor. In the spring of 1810 he decided to go west, and with a pack on his back, started, prospecting enroute. His uncle, Joshua Stow, no doubt, had something to do with his selection of Cleveland as his destination. He arrived in Cleveland July 1st, 1810, but for some reason returned to Lowville. He did not like the rigorous climate of the east and returned to Cleveland in 1811. This time he went on foot to Oswego -- thence by boat to Lewistown, then by foot to Black Rock, and from there to Cleveland by boat, where he arrived in late May or early June, 1811.

He returned to Lowville in Midsummer and married Sara Dean the 22 year old daughter of Samuel and Mary Weller Dean of Martinsburg, New York. They were married August 21st, 1811. They soon afterwards started for Ohio accompanied by his younger brother Reynolds and his brother-in-law Chester Dean and wife and Cynthia Dean, sister of Chester. Like all newly married couples, they visited Niagara Falls on their wedding journey. They drove a team of horses to Sacketts Harbor -- from there to Fort Erie--by boat--then by team to Chippewa, then by the schooner "Zepher" 45 tons burthen from Black Rock to Cleveland, where they arrived the middle of October, 1811.

Datus and his bride kept house in a new warehouse at the mouth of the Cuyahoga during the first week or two after their arrival. Although they had a choice of lands in the young city of Cleveland, they decided on a farm site 10 miles west of Cleveland. He paid $3.18 an acre for it. It originally extended from North Ridge Road (now Detroit Road) to the lake and was about 1 mile west of Rocky River. In 1832 he sold the southern portion to his brother-in-laws, Chester and Joseph Dean, in whose descendants the title of most of it still remains. The northern part of it was later owned by the Hon. Clifton B. Beach. A log house was built, and later a more commodious homestead.

The children of Datus and Sara Kelley were all either born in the log house or the homestead. Until the war of 1812, their neighbors were the friendly Indians who used to come to the lake to hunt and fish in the summer. They occupied some half dozen huts a half mile west of his home. (Mrs. Chester Dean of Rocky River has his picture.) The roads were so bad that most of the traveling to Cleveland was done by canoe or small sail boats. Mails came from Cleveland to Detroit and were carried on horseback twice a week. When the news of Hull's surrender at Detroit came, it was reported that the Indians were coming to kill all the settlers, who hastily left. Mr. Kelley did not go, and tried in vain to keep his neighbors from leaving. He said that the only time in the 35 years he lived there that his door was ever fastened against friend or foe was one night at this time, when he pulled in his latch string and put the nail over the latch. He was drafted in the army in 1813, but his brother-in-law, Chester Dean, went in his place.

During the 20 years following his settlement in Rockport, he was very busy, clearing the land, setting out fruit trees, superintending schools and surveying various parts of the Western Reserve. He took part in all the activities of the early pioneers. In 1833, he and his brother Irad visited Kelley's Island, at that time called Cunningham Island for a French trader by that name. On August 20, 1833, the brothers made their purchase of land there, paying $1.50 an acre for it. They kept buying parts of the island until they owned the entire 3,000 acres. Datus moved his family there in 1836. His wife Sara Dean died there January 24, 1866. Both are buried on the island.

Children of Datus and Sara Dean Kelley

Addison - born - June 11, 1812, died January 31, 1895. While very wealthy, he was very odd. One of his eccentricities was that he never wore an overcoat, always a shawl. He was the second white child born in the township. On October 12, 1837, he married Ann Marilla Millard, daughter of Royal and Anna Francis Millard of Rockport. The Millards lived at the top of the hill, then very steep, at the point on Lorain Street where the road now leads down into the Metropolitan Golf Grounds. Ann Marilla Millard was born in Pittsfield, Massachusetts January 21, 1818, and died at Kelley's Island September 3, 1885. They had five children.

Julius Kelley, second son of Datus was born February 3, 1814, and died November 3, 1883. On March 9, 1836, he married Mary Adams Hitchcock, daughter of Samuel Miller and Mary Adams Hitchcock. They had four children.

Daniel--third child of Datus was born September 26, 1815 and died June 4, 1836. Never married.

Samuel Kelley--fourth child of Datus was born June 23, 1817, died August 16, 1818.

Emeline Kelley--fifth child was born June 10, 1819. No record of her death. She married on November 7, 1837, George Cabot Huntington, son or Erastus and Abigail Hyde Huntington of Norwich, Connecticut. They had four children.

Caroline Kelley, sixth child was born April 15, 1821 no record of her death. On November 7, 1844 she married Charles Carpenter, son of Gardner and Mary Huntington Carpenter of Norwich, Connecticut. They had four children.

Betsey Kelley, seventh child was born December 18, 1823, no record of death. On September 16, 1845 she married William S. Webb, born June 16, 1832. He was the son of Joseph L. and Isabella Ball Webb of Delaware, Ohio. He was a Capt. of Volunteers during the Revolutionary War. They had three children.

Alfred Stow Kelley, eighth child, born December 23, 1826, no record of death. On May 21, 1857 he married Hannah Farr, daughter of Eliel Farr Sr. and Hannah Gardner Farr. They had one son.

William Dean Kelley, ninth child, born September 7, 1828, died September 12, 1892. Married first August 7, 1854 to Lydia Remington who died soon after. Married second time to Marcella Dean, daughter of Chester and Abigail Taylor Dean, March 20, 1856. They had three children.

All of the children of Datus and Sarah Kelley were born either in the log house or the old homestead in Rockport. The three brothers of Datus who came to Ohio were: Alfred, who came in 1810; Irad, who came in 1812; Reynolds, who came in 1814. Datus Kelley died on January 24, 1866.

There is still evidence of the creek on Detroit Road at Elmwood where Datus Kelley built his saw mill. Whiskey drinking was usual and popular in the pioneer days. At a township meeting in 1827, Datus Kelley presented a temperance pledge for signatures. There was a storm of opposition and a loud outcry against the onslaught on personal liberty. Mr. Kelley persevered and eventually gained many adherents to the cause. He was not only one of the voters at the first election in April, 1819, but was one of the two judges of election.
 
 

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7:2
KING, CHARLES HUBERT, M.D.
HISTORY OF CUYAHOGA COUNTY AND CLEVELAND
W.R. COATES -- Volume II, Pg. 230-231

One of the physicians and surgeons of Lakewood who has gained prestige in his profession and deserved personal popularity is Dr. Hubert C. King, who is descended from a pioneer family of the Western Reserve. His grandfather, Zadok King, a native of Suffield, Connecticut, and descended from "Mayflower" stock, came to the Western Reserve in early pioneer days, making the long journey by wagon and bringing with him his family, household effects and farming implements. He bought land on which the present little City of Chardon now stands, then a forest. There he cleared his land, improved and cultivated it for many years, and there he died. King Street of Chardon was named in honor of his memory.

Dr. King was born in Collinwood on August 14, 1889, and was graduated from high school in 1907. He was graduated from Adelbert College of Western Reserve University, Bachelor of Arts, with the class of 1911, and from Western Reserve University Medical School, Doctor of Medicine, with the class of 1914. He served as interne at Lakeside Hospital during the following summer and winter, and then went abroad and took post-graduate work in the hospitals of London and Vienna, and following his return he entered general practice in Lakewood, now specializing in internal medicine. He is serving as physician in charge of the department of medicine on the staff of Lakewood Hospital.

He is a member of the Cleveland Academy of Medicine, Ohio State Medical Association, of Phi Gamma Delta and Phi Rho Sigma college fraternities, and of Lakewood Lodge, Free and accepted Masons, Cunningham Chapter, Royal Arch Masons, Holy Grail Commandery Knights Templar, Al Koran Temple Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, and of Valley of Cleveland, Lake Erie Consistory (thirty-second degree) Scottish Rite. He is also a member of Lakewood Chamber of Commerce.

Dr. King married Hattie Barnum, who was born in North Olmsted, Cuyahoga County, the daughter of George N. and Hattie (Fitch) Barnum, and to them have been born a daughter and son: Lois Mae, born April 14, 1916, and Fenton Dan, born February 27, 1923.
 
 

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7:3
ARTHUR B. WILLIAMS DESCRIBES DR. KIRTLAND'S GREAT CONTRIBUTIONS
CLEVELAND PLAIN DEALER no date

Let me add my voice to those of others who are urging the preservation of the old Kirtland home and grounds at 14013 Detroit Ave., Lakewood, as a lasting memorial to one of the really great personalities of the early days of the Western Reserve.

Jared Potter Kirtland was a figure of heroic proportions in his times. Arriving here from Connecticut about 1830, he soon became known as "the best and most learned physician in northern Ohio." He purchased a farm at Rockport (now Lakewood) and lived there the rest of his life.

When he died in 1877, just over 84 years of age, it was said of him that during his long life "he gave himself to his fellow men with an enthusiasm seldom equaled, and with a prodigality which only a lover of nature is capable of bestowing."

Dr. Kirtland's contributions to medicine were many. He was one of the founders, and long a professor, in the Cleveland Medical College, which later became the School of Medicine of Western Reserve University. He served as president of the Ohio State Medical Society.

Hygiene was his favorite subject. In 1851, 30 years before the typhus bacillus was isolated and identified, he stated his belief that typhoid fever was carried in drinking water, and he became active on a committee to secure a purer water supply for Cleveland. He taught that tuberculosis was contagious. His thinking was far ahead of his times.

He was intensely interested in matters of public welfare. He fought hard and successfully for prison reform, particularly to substitute useful prison labor for solitary confinement. He sponsored and procured the charter for the Ohio and Pennsylvania Canal.

Deeply interested in agriculture, he tried for many years as a member of a small committee to establish an agricultural college in Ohio. From these efforts stemmed the movement that later developed the plans for an Ohio State University.

Dr. Kirtland became internationally known as a horticulturist and orchardist. Many varieties of small fruits bore his name. On his home grounds he planted specimens of exotic trees, many of which have survived to become magnificent examples of their kind.

In various fields of natural history Kirtland became a bright and shining star. He made the first scientific study of the fishes of Lake Erie. He discovered and demonstrated parthenogenesis in the silkworm 50 years before this fact was officially recognized by the scientific world.

In connection with the first geological survey of Ohio, Kirtland prepared the first list of Ohio's wildlife to be published. Being an ardent student of birds, and an expert taxidermist, his home became a veritable museum to which flocked distinguished visitors from abroad as well as from this country.

Prof. Baird of the Smithsonian Institution at Washington, in naming the Kirtland Warbler, referred to him as "a gentleman to whom, more than anyone living, we are indebted for a knowledge of the natural history of the Mississippi Valley."

In 1845 the newly organized Cleveland Academy of Natural Science elected Kirtland its president, and he served in that capacity for 25 years. On its reorganization after the Civil War the name was changed to the Kirtland Society of Natural Sciences. That organization in 1927 was merged with the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

To the memory of such an illustrious son the Greater Cleveland community surely owes a duty to posterity not to allow his memory to fade nor his services to be forgotten.

What better way than to preserve the old home and the loved trees that he planted? The Academy of Medicine, the Health Museum, the Historical Society, the Museum of Natural History, and public spirited citizens of Greater Cleveland, working together, could certainly accomplish this.
 
 

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7:4
KIRTLAND, DR. JARED (Correction by Mrs. Clyde Butler)
ANNALS OF CLEVELAND (COURT RECORD SERIES, Vol. IV) Pg. 159, No. 112

CP - 31:403; Jan. 21, 1864; Nov. Term, 1864/
MARY E. PEASE AND CHARLES PEASE vs. THE CLEVELAND AND PITTSBURGH RAILROAD COMPANY; Possession of Real Property and To Reverse Profits.

Dr. Jared Kirtland purchased a lot fronting on Lake Street (now Lakeside Avenue) from Caleb Atwater. Dr. Kirtland thought he purchased the land in 1836 whereas Atwater said it was on July 27, 1843. Dr. Kirtland built a house on the lot for his daughter Mary. Soon thereafter Mary received a legacy from her grandmother in Connecticut and purchased the land in the rear of here father's property, making her property extend from Lake Street to the shore of Lake Erie, adjacent to the tracks of the Cleveland, Painesville and Ashtabula Railroad Company. The deed to the purchase was made out in Dr. Kirtland's name in trust for Mary.

The Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad Company operated its road from Hudson, Ohio to the north end of the government pier at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. On September 4, 1849 the railroad company engaged Selah Chamberlain, Joseph Chamberlain and George Strong to extend the railroad from the Cuyahoga River to the Ohio River.

Wishing to appropriate a strip of Dr. Kirtland's land, 60 by 66 feet, the Cleveland and Pittsburgh petitioned the Superior Court to this effect on September 15, 1849. The court appointed a committee to appraise the property. The committee reported on September 20 that the benefits to Dr. Kirtland's property would be greater than the damages resulting from appropriation of the land required for the construction of the railroad; therefore the committee advised that no damages be allowed. Dr. Kirtland objected to the appraisal, claiming that the Cleveland and Pittsburgh never tried to come to terms with him before filing its appropriation suit.

About a month later work was started on the line. At this time Mary was married to Charles Pease, secretary of the Clinton Line Railroad Company.

Dr. Kirtland asked the court to set aside the appraisal. The company claimed that it reached an agreement with Dr. Kirtland through Zalmon Fitch, a personal friend of Dr. Kirtland and a director of the company, whereby Dr. Kirtland accepted one share of its stock in return for the land. Dr. Kirtland denied this, stating that he told Fitch he could make no agreement because he held the land in trust for Mary. James F. Clark, another director of the company present at the interview, testified that Fitch asked Dr. Kirtland to come to an agreement and that he offered a stock certificate for the strip of land. The court set aside the appraisal on December 8, 1844.

William Searles tenanted the property in 1850, paying rent to Mary, who was then living in Warren, Ohio. That same year Mark and her husband and Dr. Kirtland moved together to Rockport, Ohio. Dr. Kirtland lectured in Cleveland Medical College at the time.

In October 1850 tracks were laid over the strip of Dr. Kirtland's land. A year later Pease, Mary's husband, wrote to the president of the railroad company and offered him the free use of the water running from the spring on his wife's lot. On September 22, 1852 Dr. Kirtland transferred the entire property to Mary.

Clark testified that Pease applied for a pass over the railroad in 1854 or 1855 giving as his reasons that the railroad was using the strip of land without compensation and that he was an officer of another railroad.

Mary and Charles Pease filed suit on January 21, 1864 in the Court of Common Pleas against the Cleveland and Pittsburgh, asking for the return of the land and $200 damages. Judge Horace Foote and Judge Thomas Bolton ruled that the railroad's possession of the land was lawful under its act of incorporation.

The Peases' motion for a new trial was overruled.
 
 

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7:5
DR. JARED P. KIRTLAND
MAGAZINE OF WESTERN HISTORY
Vol. 4, Pg. 190-195

Among the physicians who lived in northern Ohio in an early day, probably no one has been so widely known as Dr. Jared Potter Kirtland. His extended reputation depended not only upon his abilities as a practitioner of medicine, but still more upon his studies in the line of natural history.

Dr. Kirtland visited Ohio the first time in 1810, but did not establish himself here in the practice of medicine until 1823.

He was born in Wallingford, Connecticut, in 1793, being the son of Turhand and Mary Potter Kirtland. He was adopted by, and lived with his grandfather, Dr. Jared Potter, until the time of his first journey west, in 1810. This journey was undertaken at the solicitation of his father, who had been appointed general agent of the Connecticut Land Company, and had visited Ohio with his family, the only member remaining in Connecticut being Jared. Under the instruction of his grandfather, who was an eminent physician, the boy's tastes for the cultivation of flowers and trees were developed and he became expert in their care, having ample opportunity for this in the extensive gardens and orchards of his grandfather. He also assisted in caring for a large plantation of white mulberry trees, which were cultivated for the purpose of rearing silk-worms. At this early age he discovered the power of parthenogenesis of the female silk worm, thus anticipating the work of Siebold on this subject which occupied his attention during his whole life. He was also engaged in efforts to produce new varieties of fruit by crossing, and was successful in his attempts.

From 1808 to 1810, he was a student in the Wallingford and Cheshire academies, pursuing the branches of mathematics and the classics with a success which showed him to be possessed of extraordinary mental powers. It was his journey west in 1810 which interrupted his studies, but his interest in all natural objects made the journey full of instruction to him, since it showed to him new plants, flowers and animals.

On reaching Buffalo he saw for the first time some of the varieties of fish which abound in our northern lakes, and began by observation and dissection of every part a study which he followed for years, and which resulted long afterward in a monograph on the fresh water fishes of the west.

In the journey, which was made on horseback, he was accompanied by Joshua Stow of Middletown, Connecticut, and was joined at Lowville, New York, By Alfred Kelley. On reaching Painesville he met General Simon Perkins, with whom he rode to Warren, and a day later proceeded to Youngstown.

In a letter written by Dr. Kirtland, in 1874, to Mr. John M. Edwards, to be read at a reunion of early settlers in Youngstown, the doctor says:

Youngstown was then a sparsely settled village of one street, the houses mostly log structures, a few humble frame dwellings excepted. No bridges then spanned the Mahoning. In the following week I took charge of the district school in the village of Poland, consisting of sixty scholars, which I taught till late in September in a log house on the public square. Reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic and geography were the branches to be taught.

During his teaching much time was spent in the woods, and he was also interested in caring for his father's bees. His interest in the history, habits and care of bees continued throughout his life, and when past seventy years of age we have heard him discourse most enthusiastically upon the varieties of honey bees, how best to feed and care for them so they would produce the most honey. The recovery of his father from a dangerous illness, which had called young Kirtland west, and the death of Dr. Potter, with a bequest of a medical library, together with enough money to pursue the study of medicine in Edinburgh, Scotland, resulted in his return to Connecticut in 1811.

He studied medicine in Wallingford with Dr. John Andrews, and later in Hartford with Dr. Sylvester Wells. During his medical study he was afforded especial facilities for the pursuit of chemistry, and devoted to this considerable time. By 1813 he was prepared to go to Edinburgh, but on account of the war then in progress this was impossible, so that he entered the newly formed medical department of Yale College. It is said he was the first student to matriculate in that department.

In addition to the study of medicine he had private instructions in botany from Professor Ives, and in geology and mineralogy from Professor Stillmen. He also gave some attention to zoology.

Pursuing his studies too assiduously, however, he was obliged at the end of one year to desist. After a few months recreation, spent in Wallingford, he entered the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia, which was then the most noted center for medical study in the United States. He returned to Yale, however, in March, 1815, for graduation and shortly afterward began the practice of medicine in Wallingford, where he remained two and a half years. During this period he devoted much time to the cultivation of flowers, shrubs and fruit, and pursued his studies in the animal kingdom as well. He also superintended his grandmother's farm.

Since the field of medicine in Wallingford was measurable filled with other physicians, in 1818 Dr. Kirtland decided to move to Ohio, and made the journey thither to complete arrangements for that purpose.

On returning to Connecticut he found that during his absence he had been elected to a position of probate judge. Though this was contrary to his expressed wished, he thought it proper to fulfill their responsibilities which were placed upon him, and succeed in attending to his practice and to others as well by the assistance of deputies. Shortly afterward an especially good field for professional labor was offered to him in Durham, Connecticut, which he saw fit to accept, and removing to this place remained until 1823. Here, as before, he followed during his leisure hours his scientific pursuits, caring at the same time for bees and raising fruits and flowers. In 1823 his wife, Caroline Atwatter of Washington, died. She was celebrated for her beauty and loveliness. Her two children, a son and daughter, were also sick with what was called sinking typhus fever. The son died, leaving an only child, Mrs. Charles Pease, now living in Rockport.

The shock of this loss was such that Dr. Kirtland felt he could no longer continue to practice his profession in Durham. Again at the solicitation of his father, who was visiting him at this time, he decided to remove to Ohio, and they made the journey together.

His original intention on coming to Ohio was to occupy himself in mercantile pursuits and the cultivation of a farm in Poland, but his services were so much sought that he was compelled to abandon this idea and continue the practice of his profession.

Though many improvements had been made in the country since its settlement, by the construction of roads and bridges, the doctor's rides were often attended with much hardship and exposure, and we have already related an instance of his coming home in winter, his clothing frozen stiff from fording a swollen stream. Not only were his professional services in demand in Poland, but he was called long distances. During an epidemic of sinking typhus, in which large number of persons were sick in Hartford and Vernon, Trumbull county, Dr. Kirtland gained much credit for his treatment of this disease. Drs. Jones and Allen were themselves early taken down with the disease, and the people of this section left thus without care, felt themselves under great obligations to Drs. Kirtland and Manning for the services which they rendered.

As before Dr. Kirtland found time aside from his professional duties to devote to those studies which had always occupied so much of his attention. He had a greenhouse and vastly aided in improving the varieties of fruit raised about Poland.

In 1829 he was elected to the state legislature, and being thus called from home he associated with him Dr. Eli Mygatt. Dr. Mygatt continued to practice in Poland until a few years previous to his death, which occurred November 14, 1885.

In the legislature Dr. Kirtland quickly became a leader. A measure which especially enlisted his sympathies was a bill to reform the penitentiary system. Close confinement of prisoners had been the method in vogue. Largely through his efforts this method was changed to one of hard labor, so that while the prisoners was benefited by being furnished with an occupation, the state was relieved of a great expense by the product of the prisoner's labor. He also took active part in securing the charter for the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal Company, the granting of which was strongly opposed by the Sandy and Beaver Canal Company. For three successive years he retained his seat in the legislature, but in the intervals between the sessions continued his professional labors in Poland until 1837, when he was appointed professor of the theory and practice of medicine in the Ohio Medical college, established in Cincinnati. In 1841 and 1842 he lectured in the Willoughby Medical college on theory and practice and physical diagnosis, and in 1842, having resigned his chair in Cincinnati, he accepted the same position in the newly formed medical school in Cleveland, of which he was one of the founders. He retained this chair until 1864.

In 1837 he had removed to Cleveland, and the same year purchases a large farm in East Rockport, about five miles west of the Cuyahoga river. Professor J.S. Newberry, in an eloquent address presented to the National Academy of Sciences says:

From the time when he first took up his residence in Cleveland, Dr. Kirtland was a highly honored and influential member of that community. His country home was beautiful with flowers from every clime; and his gardens and greenhouses were the admiration of all who beheld them. His farm was stocked with all the improved varieties of fruit, of many of which he was the originator, and had an arboretum in which a greater variety of exotic and native trees and shrubs was to be found than on any other private grounds in the state. His city residence was the resort of the most cultivated and intellectual people, and he inspired among these an interest in science which led to the formation, in 1845, of the Cleveland Academy of Sciences. Dr. Kirtland, who was the first and only president, continued to hold office until 1865, when he was still more highly honored by the reorganization of the society and the change of its name to the Kirtland Society of Natural History.

In 1837 Dr. Kirtland became assistant to the State Geological survey, which had been organized under Professor W.W. Mather. He spend the first summer in making collections in all branches of natural history, with the intention of later studying and publishing them. The survey was unfortunately abandoned in the second year, and, as a result, these collections which would have gone to the state were presented to and are at the present time preserved by the Kirtland Society of Natural History. Though the survey was abandoned by the state it was not lost.

Professor Newberry again says:

A large part of the material gathered was thus lost to the state and to science, but a report on the zoology of Ohio, which had been prepared by Dr. Kirtland, subsequently published in the second annual report of the survey, contained a nearly complete catalogue of the mammals, birds, reptiles, fishes and mollusks of the state, with notes upon the different species, which embodied in the briefest possible language many of the results of the original observations made by him through previous years. This catalogue was a most precious gift to the large number of young naturalists, who, like myself, were attempting to gain some knowledge of the zoology of the west. Without access to books we grouped in the dark, gathering studying and comparing, so that the local fauna were well known to us long before the names and relations of the species had been learned. The arrest of the geological survey unfortunately put an end to Dr. Kirtland's work in this connection, and thus greatly disappointed those who were hoping for a continued flow of knowledge from this inexhaustible source. During the preparation of this work he had made a careful study and complete description of many objects embraced in it. To the subject of the fresh water fishes of the west he had devoted especial attention, himself making drawings of them. These were published, at a subsequent time, in the journal of the Boston Society of Natural History.

As early as 1829 Dr. Kirtland had begun to collect and study the fresh water shells. These had been considered hermaphrodite, but he discovered differences in shells, and later in the internal anatomy, which enabled him to distinguish with certainty between the sexes. His view was strongly controverted, but at a subsequent meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science he presented a series of shells from the youngest to the oldest, and sustained his position so strongly, being supported in his views by Professor Agassiz and later by others, that the correctness of his discovery became universally acknowledged. This discovery was published in Silliman's Journal of Science, Vol. XXXIX.

In 1853 he made an extended tour of investigation, in company with Professor Baird and Dr. Hoy, through northern Ohio, Michigan, Upper Canada, Illinois and Wisconsin, and in 1869 and 1870, when seventy-seven years of age, he made a journey to Florida for the purpose of study. Here, too, he made collections, and he related the results of his observations with the same enthusiasm as in earlier years. His love of investigation did not confine itself to natural history alone but extended to other subjects as well. The best article, so far as we have been able to ascertain, which has ever been written concerning the wrecks that occurred near Rocky River in the time of the war with Pontiac in 1763, was prepared by Dr. Kirtland, probably the relics, such as guns and muskets, which were found along the shore would not have been recognized as having been left here through the wreck of the old English batteaux.

Dr. Kirtland was a man of striking general appearance. Above the ordinary height, he had a strong and massive frame. We only remember him when advanced in years, but his noble head, silvery hair and beard and finely chiseled face, full of animation, were at once an attraction. Whenever it was our good fortune to see him he was most cordial and hospitable, leaving at once whatever might be occupying him to spend the time in conversation. This was not upon trivial topics, but upon that line of study or thought which was then occupying his mind. At one time his conversation was on new varieties of fruit or flowers, in the development of which he had had great success; at another it was Italian bees, their superiority over common bees, and the best means of feeding them; at another it was his discoveries of the relics of the old wrecks near Rocky river. Whatever might be interesting him at the time, whether history, politics or any subject in natural history, he had power with his enthusiastic presentation of the the theme to interest everyone in it. As a result he became a great teacher in many ways. By the cultivation of a fruit farm, and his great liberality in distributing varieties of fruit trees, vines and berries, he taught the neighbors those kinds which were most valuable and best suited to the soil.

From greenhouse and flower garden, Dr. Kirtland distributed freely flowers, seeds, bulbs and plants, claiming that no one, however occupied, had any excuse for neglecting to beautify their yard, and surrounded himself with flowers and shrubs. In teaching medicine he always inspired interest in a broader field than that he taught, and every year sent out students enthusiastic not alone to study disease, but to find in botany, conchology and mineralogy, subjects of ceaseless interest and diversion.

In stuffing of birds, too, he was an expert, and many of his specimens were sent great distances, some even to the British museum, supplying it with varieties hitherto not in their possession; and when he had reached nearly the age of seventy he told us with great enthusiasm of a class of young ladies to whom he had been teaching taxidermy. One of his chief pleasures seemed to be in setting others at work, and in this, perhaps no one has been more successful.

As has been well said, he was preeminently an educator. The life which he led in a new country, having access to no libraries save his own, which, however, was very valuable, shut off largely from an opportunity of uniting with learned societies, and men of like acquirements, occupied with such a diversity of pursuits, he did not attain, perhaps, that extended reputation which would naturally have rewarded his talents had they been confined to one line of investigation. The product of his labors is not, however, to be less esteemed, for his life was expended in work in these directions which was of enormous value to the communities in which he lived.

With his many pursuits he carried on a considerable correspondence upon the subjects of his study, and this was always in a most beautiful hand, and he had no patience with anyone who wrote in a careless or slovenly manner.

During the time of the Civil War, though at the age of sixty-nine years, he was a most ardent patriot, and offered his services to the state and was for several months examining surgeon to recruits at Columbus. For these services he would accept no remuneration, donating what would have been paid him to the Soldiers' Aid Society of northern Ohio, and he hired several substitutes to enter the army according to the method then in vogue.

No one was a more earnest reader of war news than he, or better informed concerning its progress.

In 1861, he had conferred upon him by Williams' college the degree of LL.D., and at various times was elected a member of many learned societies.

His conversational powers were of no usual sort. Full of animation and enthusiasm, he had great ability to interest others in those subjects which were occupying his thought, nor was he devoid of humor.

In summing up the life of Dr. Kirtland, we would say that, endowed by nature with vast physical and intellectual powers, he used them both most untiringly, not so much in medicine which he abandoned in later years but in the pursuit of various branches of natural history of which he was more fond, spreading his wonderful powers of investigation over a large field and becoming thereby the leader and educator of a great number of people, who were at once stimulated and benefited by his assistance.

Always at work, he had an enjoyment of life which is attained by very few in an appreciation of nature in her various manifestations and in initiating others into her secrets. In a life prolonged to the age of eighty-four years, and full of activities until almost the very last, he accomplished an amount of labor, sufficient to have taxed the powers of two ordinary men.
 
 

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7:6
KIRTLAND, JARED P.
HISTORY OF OHIO - RYAN.
Pg. 202-207-208.

As Starling Medical College of Columbus was the direct descendant of the Medical Department of Willoughby University, so also was the Cleveland Medical College an offshoot of the same, having been organized by a faction of the faculty who had separated themselves from the mother institution for that purpose. The organizers were Drs. John Delameter, Jared P. Kirtland and J. Lang Cassels. The organization took place in 1843.

In 1910, the Cleveland Medical College reabsorbed the Cleveland College of Physicians and Surgeons as the Medical Department of the Western Reserve.

In a supplementary note to some valuable information relevant to the Medical Department of the Western Reserve University, kindly contributed by its Secretary, F.C. Waite, he says:

"Ackley was one of the strong men of his time and in this part of the country stood for the leading surgeon.

"Kirtland, as you perhaps know, in addition to being very well known in his profession, was better known the country over for his proficiency in natural science. He got out the first natural history report in the State, and his work is ranked along with that of such men as Audubon and other pioneer naturalists."
 
 

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7:7
KIRTLAND, DR. JARED P.
HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS OF OHIO (HENRY HOWE)
Vol. 1, Pg. 509, Col 1, Pgh 4, to Pgh. 511, Pgh 1, inc.

Jared Potter Kirtland was born in Wallingford, Conn., in 1793, and died in Cleveland in 1877, aged eighty-four years. He graduated at the Yale Medical School, and at the age of thirty emigrated to Poland, Ohio, where he practiced his profession and as before, devoted his leisure to natural science. When a mere youth at school he had become an expert in the cultivation of fruits and flowers, made his first attempt of new varieties of fruit, and managed a large plantation of white mulberry trees for the rearing of silk worms.

After coming to Ohio he served three terms in the State Legislature, from 1837 to 1842 was medical professor at Willoughby, in 1837 was assistant on the first geological survey of Ohio and made a report on its zoology. About 1840 he removed to Rockport, just west of and near Cleveland, and became one of the founders of the Cleveland Medical College. In the civil war he was examining surgeon for recruits and devoted his pay to the Soldiers' Aid Society. He made many investigations in many departments of natural history which were published in scientific journals.

In 1845 he was one of the founders of the Cleveland Academy of Natural Science, which in 1865 became the Kirtland Society of Natural History, and to which he gave his rich collection of specimens. He was a man of great learning and personal magnetism and more than any one of his day was his influence in improving agriculture and horticulture and diffusing a love of natural history throughout the entire Northwest.

Writes Col. Chas. Whittlesey: "As a naturalist he was self-educated. Nature had formed him mentally and physically for that mission. In 1829, while studying the unios of fresh water mussels, he discovered that authors and teachers of conchology had made nearly double the number of species which was warrantable. Names had been given to species to what is only a difference of form, due to males and females of the same species. This conclusion was announced in "Silliman's Journal of Science."

The fraternity of naturalists in the United States and Europe were astonished because of the value of the discovery and the source from whence it came. There were hundreds and probably thousands of professors who had observed the unios and enjoyed the pleasure of inventing new names for the varieties. A practicing physician in the backwoods of Ohio had shattered the entire nomenclature of the naides. At the Cincinnati meeting of the American Association in 1852, Professor Kirtland produced specimens of unios of both sexes, from their conception through all stages to the perfect animal and its shell. Agassiz was present and sustained his views and said they were likewise sustained by the most eminent naturalists of Europe. It is difficult in a brief paper like this to do justice to the life and character of a man who lived so long laboring incessantly regardless of personal comfort, and did so much to extend the dominion of absolute knowledge. Like Cuvier, Agassiz and Tyndall, his work has shown that theory and discussion do not settle anything worthy of a place in science, that it is only those who base their conclusions on observed nature whose reputations become permanent."

In person, Dr. Kirtland was a large man, with a great heart and lungs and an untiring worker, to whom time was more precious than gold. One who knew him well said of him he possessed more good and useful traits of character than any person he ever knew - so unselfish, social, kind to all - beloved by both old and young he seemed to be happiest when making others happy. He cultivated the taste for the beautiful by distributing freely, at times almost robbing himself of rare fruit or costly plants to distribute to his neighbors. He was a hearty and sincere believer in the Christian religion, bur adopting no particular religious creed. When near death he wrote: "My family all attention. Every day growing  weaker. The great change must soon occur. On the mercies of a kind Providence who created me, who has sustained and helped me through a long life, I rely with a firm faith and hope. We know not what is beyond the grave. Vast multitudes have gone there before us. Love to all. Farewell."
 
 

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7:8
KIRTLAND, DR. JARED P.
MRS. TOWNSEND'S SCRAP BOOK (Pages 6-7)

The old Kirtland homestead of indigenous, narrow cleavage sandstone was built when Dr. Kirtland purchased the 200 acres extending from Madison Avenue to the lake. This included the present entire Kuntz estate. The purchase was made in 1837. Several pioneer homes were built of the same material, as the Frank Wagar (original) home, also the Joseph Hall home now at Detroit and Marlowe, where a furniture store now stands, as well as Hotchkiss house in the rear of the business block at St. Charles, and in addition the I.D. Wagar home at Woodward and Detroit. The Hotchkiss house is the only one which remains unchanged. Dr. Kirtland's mansion still stands on Detroit Street opposite the Elks Club, changed by stucco addition and porch but not improved in looks. Dr. Kirtland was born at Wallingford, Conn., in 1793. His father was general agent for the Connecticut Company and intended to send him to school at University of Scotland to be educated, but the war of 1812 ended this plan and caused him to send his son to Yale, where he graduated from the medical department. During his long life time, he devoted himself to ardent study of medicine and natural history. He made many discoveries in plant and animal life, and was a national authority on natural history, geology, entymology, pomology and horticulture. He was an intimate friend of the great Professor Agassiz of Harvard. He made discoveries of the parthenogenesis of silk worms and the fish fauna of the lakes. Twenty-six varieties of cherries were originated by him and a half dozen pears. It was Dr. Kirtland who discovered that the lake shore district was especially adapted to grape culture, because of the shale so near to the surface, which conserved the moisture, so that the grapes did not suffer much during the dry times.

There was much surprise when he and a companion scientist were seen tramping the Rocky River valley collecting the clams that were found there. He was an expert taxidermist, and taught many old settler's sons and daughters the art, just for the love of doing it. One of them had for a long time a sign in front of his house "Bird-Stuffer". That was before the word taxidermist was used. He also showed his neighbors how to make wax flowers in perfect imitation of plant life. The late F.H. Wagar had some beautiful examples of this work. Dr. Kirtland was the first and only president of the Cleveland Academy of Science, later the Kirtland Society of Natural History, and with Dr. Delameter, the founder of Western Reserve Medical College, where he was a lecturer and professor for 20 years. In fact, he was the savant of East Rockport - the grand old man of his day. He was six feet tall and had a figure that would be noticeable any place. A man of white hair, strong splendid face, aquiline nose, and a look of genius which marked him from others. Children and young folks looked up to him with awe. He had the most wonderful library in miles around, 6,000 volumes, among them complete works and pictures of the Great Audubon, worth at that time $400. He knew all local birds. Behind the mansion was a well kept hedge, and blooming magnolias, then unusual, were a wonder to all who passed. He could not bear to see a fine tree injured in any way. Mars Wagar, 2nd, said he was never so chagrined in his life as he was as a boy when the old doctor reproved him. Mars mother had taken in the family of a Swedenborgian minister to board, charging 80 cents a week apiece. When the minister could not pay, she took his horse in payment. The horse was balky and tipped Mars father into the creek one day with a load of watermelons. Mars second, found out that if he got out of the wagon and hit the horse a crack with anything he could find, the horse would run away. Mars would climb into the back of the wagon satisfied if the horse went in the right direction. One day the horse balked in front of the Kirtland place. Seeing nothing else at hand, Mars tore a branch off a buckeye tree. Just then the Doctor looked over the hedge and said "Mars, your mother would not approve of that."

One of the peculiarities of the Kirtland family was that the women were ultra-aristocratic, and the men democratic.

One story told of the old Doctor was that he was carrying some provender across the street to the pig pen. Seeing a young man passing he asked him to hand the pail over the fence. He did so and was thanked for his trouble and then asked for his name. "I am Rev. Mercer of the Swedenborgian church" was the reply. You should wear a tall hat and a long tail coat for the calling", said the doctor.

He was the author of text books used at Yale. One day two young men from Yale came to see the great man of their university. They asked an old man to hold their horse, which he did without comment. Mrs. Pease, the doctors only daughter, came to the door, and when they asked where the doctor could be found, she pointed to the old man holding the horse. They were terribly embarrassed but the doctor enjoyed the joke to a great degree. He was greatly stirred by the Civil War and used to drive hurriedly to town to get the latest news of some battle. He volunteered his service to examine men at Columbus, and was interested in all young men at the front. Mr. Jacob Tegardine said "that the doctor sent him money at the front," and when he was home severely wounded, the doctor used to take him out driving. Of the descendants, there are only Caroline Cutter, residing in Los Angeles and a great-grandson, Mr. Kirtland Cutter who is a leading architect in Spokane, Washington. It was he who designed the Swiss cottage at the corner of Manor Park and Detroit.

ADDED NOTES ON JARED KIRTLAND:

The story of one of the greatest men of the age, the story of one of the pioneers of the Connecticut Land Reserve, of which Lakewood is a part, and the story of the man who played a leading part in the history of Ohio, is the story told by George Lindstrom, Lakewood's historian. He recounts the life of Jared Potter Kirtland, who resided in Lakewood from 1843 to his death in 1877. He lived in the house which still stands at 14013 Detroit, near the corner of Bunts, now occupied by H.E. Willard. Willard lived for many years with the aged naturalist, and recalls many memories of the famous Lakewood pioneer and the stories he related. He was born in Wallingford, Connecticut, received his first connection with the shores of Lake Erie when his father was made general agent for the Connecticut Land Company and moved to Ohio in 1803, going through school and college, where he early developed a taste for scientific study and experimentation. In 1810, he made his first trip to Ohio when he went to visit his father at Poland, Ohio. There he remained for a year teaching school and experimenting with nature work. He moved permanently to Poland, Ohio in 1823 and made his first entry into public life from that section when he was elected to the legislature from Trumbull County in 1828. He was devoted to medical science and became known as one of the finest physicians in the country as well as in Ohio. His career during the first 20 years of his life in Ohio was one of constant advancement from one position to another of high trust in the field of medical science. He was on the faculty of the Cincinnati School of Medicine for many years and later was one of the founders of the Cleveland Medical School. During all these years his interest in fields of natural science did not wane. He became known as one of the greatest scientists of his age, and his experiments and discoveries in biology, botany, geology and allied fields made him known every where. He was an associate geologist in one of the earliest geological surveys in the state.

In 1837, he bought a fruit farm in East Rockport, Ohio, of which the present Lakewood is a part. In 1843, he became associated with the Cleveland Medical College and moved to his farm and into the house which yet remains.

Mr. Willard said" "The house, built in 1837, had two wings of stone added in 1848, and more additions in 1882. In the spacious gardens Dr. Kirtland had planted trees sent to him from all parts of the world, many of which are still standing. There is for instance, a Japanese Gingo tree, now seventy-five years old, and a hawthorne, thirty-five feet high. It seemed that the doctor could make anything grow. But perhaps the most prized of all is a willow which stood at the west side of the house. Dr. Kirtland, who corresponded with all the prominent scientists of his time, including Darwin and Von Humboldt, was surprised to have delivered to him one day from a noted baron, a shoot of a willow, all packed in earth. The baron had visited the grave of Napoleon at St. Helena, and cut off the shoot from one of the trees surrounding the grave. He entrusted the willow to the captain of a whaler who vowed to deliver it to Dr. Kirtland.

The tree stood for many years at the side of the house, and only in recent years was it removed. Dr. Kirtland's original laboratory still stands on the Willard property. He spent many hours there in scientific research. He was often seen around the garden barefooted and not infrequently, great celebrities who came to see him, mistook him for the gardener. Dr. Kirtland was married twice and had one daughter by his first wife. He died in Lakewood Dec. 10th, 1877, and was buried near his home on Detroit Street. The body was later removed to Lake View Cemetery.
 
 

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7:9
DR. JARED P. KIRTLAND
SOURCE - MISS ANSLEY'S NOTE BOOK ( An interview with Arthur Hall)

Built simple one story house opposite what is now Elk's club - owned all land from Madison to Lake Erie.

A naturalist - geologist - became very wealthy discovered new kinds of birds and fish

Audubon was his guest here - and his special friends - also Agassiz - Sir Charles Lyle - visited here in 1842 father of geology.

1840 - 1858 originated varieties of pears apples - cherries

30 commercial varieties

5 - named after family

10 - for friends - Gov. Wood

15 - Indian chiefs

Men from Smithsonian Institute came to Lakewood several years ago to find some of the almost extinct varieties - 3 in Hall yard only ones could find.

When Audubon published his "Birds and Quadrupeds of America" went all over world to get subscriptions $2,000 - got most in England - 1/3 in France in U.S. - 2 in Cleveland.

Sir Walter Scott took one-Kirtland Western Reserve
                                R.K.

Kirtlands yard had over 1000 varieties of flowers - shrubs - trees he was a short-thick heavy set made - one of the starters of Cleveland Medical college.

A grandson Kirk Cutter - educated in Rome - returned - rebuilt old Kirtland house - made it a regular place painted wonderful pictures no money in oil painting so became an architect at the World's Fair built out of Douglas Spruce - The Idaho house - built like a Swiss chalet - when Mr. Hall was motoring abroad in 1910 saw same house in New Forest near South Hampton. This Idaho home had been bought by an Englishman shipped abroad and now in England.
 
 

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7:10
ROCKPORT TOWNSHIP
EARLY SETTLERS
DR. J.P. KIRTLAND
ANNALS OF CLEVELAND
(NEWSPAPER DIGEST, 1845) Pg. 204, No. 1207
Pg. 208, No. 1230
Pg. 210, No. 1234
Pg. 319, No, 1791

1207 - H Nov. 25:3/1 - The Academy of Natural Science, a society of more than 90 members, met last evening in the council hall to elect officers. Mr. Beattie was called to the chair. Dr. J.P. Kirtland was elected president by a unanimous vote. The following officers were then chosen by ballot: Sherlock J. Andrews, first vice president; Dr. Samuel St. John, corresponding secretary; and M.C. Younglove, treasurer. Eight curators were also elected.

The society then resolved, upon Kingley's motion, that the recording secretary take the proper steps to incorporate the society under the provisions of an act of the legislature passed Mar. 11, 1845, "To regulate Literary, and other Societies."

1230 - H Apr. 1:3/1 - The WESTERN RESERVE MAGAZINE OF AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE. Edited by F.R. Elliott. Published monthly by M.C. Younglove, Cleveland. Terms one dollar a year. The contents of the magazine for March Vol. 1, No. 1, are: "The Pear," "Professor Kirtland On Location Of Orchards," "Seedling And Incorrectly Named Fruit," "Planting Trees," "Selection of Seeds," "Carbonic Acid A Fertilizer Of Soils," by Professor St. John, "India Rubber For Stables," "On The Cultivation Of Strawberries," by A. McIntosh, "Premature Decay Of Potatoes," "Cleveland Horticultural Society," "Calendar for April," "Ourself," and miscellaneous items. The Illustrations are: "Marie Louise Pear," "Winter Nelis Pear," Autumnal Marrow Squash," Hovey's Strawberry," and "Un-named Apple."

The initatory number of the WESTERN RESERVE MAGAZINE OF AGRICULTURE AND HORTICULTURE must favorable attract the attention of every friend of the arts it advocates. Its typographical appearance is very creditable to the enterprising publisher, the illustrations are good, and the articles by the editor and well-known contributors, are plain, practical, and impart valuable information. The editor is familiar with and devoted to his profession. He combines a knowledge of book-farming with experience, and enjoys every facility for treasuring in the WESTERN RESERVE MAGAZINE a priceless fund of important facts connected with agriculture and horticulture, which every person may obtain and profit by for the trifle of one dollar a year. To our friends in the whole lake region we most cordially commend the magazine, fully believing that a yearly distribution of 500 copies in each of the RESERVE counties, would yield an hundred fold return in improved farms, improved crops, improved stocks, improved orchards, and above all in an improved and enlightened taste in the young for the ancient, honorable and useful pursuit of agriculture and horticulture.

1234 - H June 19:2/1 - The WESTERN RESERVE MAGAZINE. - We publish today an article from this new Magazine, which we think valuable to every person. It is from the pen of Prof. J.P. Kirtland, whose experience and knowledge on these matters is surpassed by none other in the State. What success the publishers have in procuring subscriptions, we know not, but the manner in which the work is conducted deserves the favor of all. The articles of its numerous contributors already procured, are, in each number yet published, alone worth the subscription. (verbatim)

1791 - H Jan. 30:2/2 - The bill before the Senate yesterday relating to The Smithsonian institution was prepared by Choate, and differs materially from the bill of Tappan of Ohio. It proposes that the vice president, chief justice of the Supreme Court, three senators, three represenators, and seven others to be selected by Congress, shall be the board of managers - of the Smithsonian institution. The important section of the bill relating to the library provides a sum designed to carry out a permanent and effectual diffusion of knowledge among men. Jared P. Kirtland of Ohio will be one of the board.
 
 

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7:11
DR. JARED P. KIRTLAND
CLEVELAND PRESS, 1941

Dr. Jared P. Kirtland, described by some historians as "the Socrates of the 19th Century," may have a section of Lakewood named after him, where he lived from 1837 until his death in 1877.

He was a world famous scientist, known locally as "the sage of Rockport." A committee of Lakewood residents circulated a petition asking the suburban council to assign the name "Kirtland Square" to that section of Detroit avenue extending from Bunts road west to Manor Park avenue. It is in this section that the old Kirtland home still stands, directly opposite the Lakewood Elks Club.

A resolution calling for such action was introduced in the Lakewood Council March 17, 1941, by Councilman William H. Fahrenbach. The petition, circulated by a committee headed by E. George Lindstrom, Lakewood historian, refers to Dr. Kirtland as "a man who still commands a page in the Encyclopedia Brittanica, a doctor of national repute, a scholar, a scientist and a friend of man and beast."

The petition chides the city for not previously recognizing Dr. Kirtland's renown in some memorial, and points out that he doesn't even have a street named after him. "Lakewood," the petition says, "has been slumbering. Many pioneers less prominent, less worthy, already have been signally honored by having their names . . . gracing the corner street posts."
 
 

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7:12
DR. JARED P. KIRTLAND
E. GEORGE LINDSTROM'S UNPUBLISHED MATERIAL

The following was presented to the City Council of Lakewood, 1941:

RESOLUTION OF MR. FAHRENBACH

WHEREAS, it is common practice for cities of the size and importance of Lakewood to officially recognize and establish suitable monuments to the memory of its famous citizens, be they founders, statesmen, civic leaders or men and women who, because of their recognized worth or exceptional intelligence, have brought honor and prestige to the city, and,
 

WHEREAS, Lakewood, a city of exceptional high standing in civic government, have at different times signally honored many of its pioneers and prominent citizens by having their names written on the pages of the city's history, and,

WHEREAS, this council feels that civic recognition should be fittingly made of the worth, ability and accomplishments of one of its internationally known and distinguished citizens, Doctor Jared Kirtland.

NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED TO WIT:

That as a fitting monument to the name of Doctor Jared Kirtland, that that section of Detroit Avenue extending from Bunts Road west to Manor Park Avenue shall by official action of this council be changed from Elks Square to Kirtland Square.

That the action of the council in naming this particular square in honor of Doctor Kirtland shall be officially set forth on the records of the city. That a day shall be officially set for the dedication of the same and that after the said dedication the said Square or section of Detroit Avenue designated herein shall be thereafter known as Kirtland Square.

A PETITION

Few cities of the size and importance of Lakewood can boast of a savant so distinguished as that of Dr. Jared Kirtland, well-known internationally and locally as well. Almost every city which could boast of such a character has already recognized their worth by naming a street, a square, or some suitable monument to their memory.

Lakewood, a city of which we are all proud; a city filled with a population of exceptional intelligence; a city whose government is clean and its air pure and wholesome, has been found wanting. Many pioneers, less prominent, less worthy, have already been signally honored by having their names written on the pages of history and gracing the corner street post, to be blazoned forth from maps.

Our purpose in this petition is to call to the attention of our Mayor, Common Council and citizens, a man who is more deserving than others to be so honored. Yea, not even a street post is sufficient glory for such a man. A man who can command a page in the Encyclopedia Brittanica, a doctor of national repute, a scholar, scientist, and friend of man and beast.

Permit us to give you a few salient facts about this great man, of whom, we are grieved to state, few of our present generation ever heard. The following is from the History of Lakewood by Lindstrom, which will fully convince the most skeptical the qualifications of the man we want this city to signally honor.

"There was nothing to distinguish Rockport from any other backwoods community until 1837, when Dr. Jared Kirtland settled here and made it a mecca for scientists and students.

"Dr. Kirtland was a big man, more than six feet tall, with a mane of hair that turned white and fell out in later years; a strong face, set off by an aquiline nose, a look of genius in his eyes, and a contagious enthusiasm.

"He was already 44 years old when he came to Rockport (now Lakewood) to live the last half of his life. He bought 200 acres bounded on the east by Bunts Road, and stretching from Madison Avenue to the lake, and proceeded to turn it into a magnificent botanical garden. He built a big house of native sandstone on Detroit Avenue at Robinwood, and named his estate 'Whippoorwill".

"This house contained a library of 6000 volumes, and the vast learning which it represented contributed not a little to the awe with which 'the doctor' was regarded by his comparatively ignorant neighbors.

"Dr. Kirtland was born in Wallingford, Conn., the son of the general agent for the Connecticut Land Co. His family moved to Ohio in 1803, but he stayed in the east with his grandfather, gave up his intention to go to England for study because of the War of 1812, and graduated instead at Yale Medical School where he later became a professor.

"Although educated for medicine, his principle interest was natural history, a field where he gained lasting fame. He was an intimate friend of Louis Agassiz and Audubon, and corresponded with Darwin and von Humbolt, who in one of Dr. Kirtland's rooms wrote the second volume of "Cosmos". He arranged with von Humbolt to go to South America for study and arranged to meet him at St. Helena, but was unable to go. Von Humbolt sent him a shoot from a willow tree from Napoleon's grave which he planted, and it grew. After a few years it blew down and another shoot was planted which still stands today.

"The doctor was a wizard with plants. He made a Japanese Gingko tree live and raised the first magnolia tree ever seen in the Western Reserve.

"Dr. Kirtland originated 26 varieties of cherries and a half a dozen of pears and discovered that the shale strata in this district made it particularly well adapted to grape culture.

"Possibly his greatest scientific accomplishment was the discovery of parthe-no-genesis in silk worms; investigated the geology of the Great Lakes with reference to their fish and fossil remains, and wrote many papers on the subject.

"In 1843, he helped found the Cleveland Medical College (now part of the Western Reserve University) and lectured there for 20 years. He founded the Cleveland Academy of Science in 1845, which was later changed to the Kirtland Society of Natural History.

"He sent three cases of bird, fish and insect specimens to the London Museum which comprised the most valuable ever sent this institution from any country in the world.

"He made perfect wax imitations of flowers, stuffed and mounted specimens of birds found here at that time. For all his vast learning, many students from far and near came to visit him. He worked in the fields in bare feet, and shabby clothes. He imported a few hives of Italian bees as an experiment."

The Plain Dealer, April 11, 1886, nearly ten years after his death, declared: "It can safely be said that no man lived in Cuyahoga County who had a firmer hold on the affections of the people ... He was a man of the earth, earthly, with the spirit of God from Heaven. He was the Socrates of the 19th century, with the reasoning of Plato. Whenever his active and aged form moved up and down the streets, agile as a youth, every citizen was proud to raise his hat as he passed, out of uncontrollable respect for one so rare and so worthy."
 
 

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7:13
DR. JARED KIRTLAND
E. GEORGE LINDSTROM'S UNPUBLISHED MATERIAL

Exalted Ruler and members of the Fraternal Order of Elks,
Lakewood, Ohio.

Dear Sirs:

In regard to the changing of the name of the so-called Elks Square to Kirtland Square, I am sorry if I have caused your Order any undue concern. I acted only as an individual, a patriotic citizen, and would like to discuss the matter with you personally.

In presenting this matter before the City Council, I had no desire to take any liberties or glory from the Elks of Lakewood. While you have a verbal priority over the section of street, it has not been officially dedicated as such, and as far as I can see, does the Club no particular good. It is never mentioned as a square, and not on the map. In lieu of the fact the Dr. Kirtland lived for many years in the house facing your club, and was known for over 100 years as an international scientist, the Elks organization should, and I hope will, be big and patriotic enough to permit that strip to be called Kirtland Square, have it dedicated as such, with the Club sponsoring the idea and handling the details of dedication. It would show the public how great an organization this club is. I will be glad to stay in the background. I am interested only as a citizen with civic pride to do honor to a great and good man who deserves this recognition.

It is appropriate and significant that you take favorable notion, with the full and generous consent of the Elks of our fair city. The Mayor, one of your members, would do everything possible to aid you in this matter. He is loyal to you and loyal to the city. Will you not give this your careful considerations.
 

Most Sincerely yours,

E. George Lindstrom


 

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7:14
KIRTLAND--THE SAGE OF ROCKPORT
BY OMAR RANNEY, IN THE CLEVELAND PRESS January 18, 1941

When the Ohio country was the American frontier, and pioneers were beginning to farm on newly cleared land, scientists were eager to explore this wilderness.

Their job was one of classifying the wild life of the region--the many forms of fishes, birds, animals, trees and plants. In that respect, the land known then as the Western Reserve was a naturalist's paradise, for there were many unclassified species to be discovered, catalogued and studied.

But, to a large extent, the men who first explored Ohio with an eye to the scientific side groped in the dark, until a man, who later became known as "The Sage of Rockport," first came out here from Connecticut on horseback in 1810.

Dr. Jared Potter Kirtland was his name, and he was a great man in his times, although he never has been given the attention he deserves in the local history books. That doesn't mean, however, that his name hasn't been carried into the present day.

The Kirtland Name

Although he has been dead more than 60 years, there is today a bird still known as the Kirtland warbler; there is a Kirtland water snake, a Kirtland cherry tree, Kirtland pear, Kirtland strawberry, Kirtland raspberry. In the Sheffield Scientific School, at Yale University, there is a building named Kirtland Hall in his honor. The Kirtland Pumping Station in Cleveland is named after this once-important man, because in 1851 he recommended that Cleveland got its water from the lake instead of from wells and cisterns.

His home still stands--a home that in his lifetime was a mecca for scientists. The house, remodeled so much Old Jared Kirtland would have to look twice to recognize it today, is at the corner of Bunts road and Detroit avenue, Lakewood, in what once was Rockport Township.

Dr. Kirtland's profession was that of a pioneer physician. He was the first to matriculate in the medical school at Yale; he was one of three doctors who founded what is now the medical school of Western Reserve University. Dr. Kirtland was a naturalist, a great scientist of his day, contributing in many ways to the rapidly developing civilization of the west.

He was an authority on many things--bee culture, grafting of trees, taxidermy, floriculture, horticulture, the geology of the Great Lakes region, breeding of farm animals, botany, the culture of silk worms, mineralogy, ornithology.

Agassiz of the West

Dr. Kirtland, with all this, was a philosopher, a man "who always sought by the increase of knowledge to add to the sum of human happiness," to quote one of his contemporaries.

So they called him "The Sage of Rockport." He also was known as "The Agassiz of the West."

Dr. Kirtland was born in Wallingford, Conn., in 1793. His father, Turhand Kirtland, came to the Ohio country in 1803 as general agent for the Connecticut Land Co.

Jared Kirtland came to Ohio as a young man and first lived near what is now Youngstown. He came to Rockport and built his home there in 1837, when he was 44.

But prior to coming here to live, he already had made important contributions to the scientific "discovery" of Ohio. In 1837, when Ohio's first geological survey was organized, he was put in charge of the natural history part of it. He compiled the first catalogue of the fishes, molluscs, birds, and reptiles of Ohio, and illustrated it with many of his own sketches, for he also was an artist.

Famed Friends

People came to his home for expert opinions on a wide variety of subjects. Dr. Kirtland also carried on correspondence with many of the well-known scientists of the day. And some of these important men came to Rockport to visit him.

John J. Audubon, the famous artist-naturalist, was one who visited at the Kirtland home. It is said he made some of his bird paintings in the living room of the house in old Rockport, using Dr. Kirtland's mounted specimens as models. Others who visited there were Sir Charles Lyle, the "father of geology," and Louis Agassiz, the great Swiss naturalist. Dr. Kirtland and Agassiz went on an expedition together in the Lake Superior region.

One other reason why the Kirtland home was such a meeting place was that the doctor operated an experimental farm there. He was the first to demonstrate that the clay soil of Rockport and vicinity was excellent for fruit-growing.

Around his home Dr. Kirtland had an arboretum, more than 1000 varieties of trees, plants and shrubs, many of them native to other parts of the world and other climates. He became internationally known as a horticulturist.

Today, many of these old trees are still standing in the yard, most of them more than 100 years old. There is a huge cypress tree, a white oak, black beech, ginkgo tree (believed to be the largest in America), Scotch larch, spruce, oak leaf maple and an osage orange that Dr. Kirtland got to grow as a tree, now more than 115 feet high.

H.E. Willard, who bought the house many years ago from members of the Kirtland family, is one of the few men living today who remembers Dr. Kirtland. Mr. Willard's father, Elliott S. Willard, had a farm on what is now the corner of W. 55th street and Euclid avenue, and they frequently used to go by horse and buggy to call on "The Sage of Rockport." That was when H.E. Willard was a small boy. He's 80 now.

Dr. Kirtland was the founder of the Cleveland Academy of Natural Sciences, which still later was merged into the present Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

When Dr. Kirtland died in 1877, some of his close friends and fellow-scientists gathered at a special meeting of the Kirtland Society and drew up a resolution which ended with this paragraph:

"So long as the ocean shall cast a shell upon its shore or fishes populate the American lakes and give food to man, so long as the forest and field shall team with fauna and flora, the bird of the air build its nest and the bee gather its honey; so long as the tree shall bear its fruit and the vine yield its grape, so long will the people of this land hold in sacred memory and veneration the name of Jared Potter Kirtland."
 
 

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7:15
AT WORK ON BIOGRAPHY OF LAKEWOOD PIONEER
LAKEWOOD SUN POST

AT WORK ON A BIOGRAPHY of Dr. Jared P. Kirtland, one of Lakewood's most illustrious pioneer residents is Mrs. Margaret Manor Butler, author of 'The Lakewood Story.' The Lakewood historian's first articles about Dr. Kirtland were written for The Post in 1944, and since that time she has collected an impressive file of his writings and accomplishments for her biography.

In her book, Mrs. Butler will narrate the life of the famous physician, naturalist, teacher, legislator and writer who aided greatly in placing Lakewood on the map. As a naturalist, Dr. Kirtland analyzed the soil for neighboring farmers and instructed them in grafting and producing exceptional varieties of fruits. Largely because of him Lakewood early became a wealthy fruit growing center.

One of the rarest of North American Warblers was first found 110 years ago, on May 13, 1851, in Lakewood on the rambling estate of Dr. Kirtland at Bunts and Detroit. It was identified and recorded by Smithsonian Institution and named for the illustrious doctor, who had already won no small measure of fame for his versatility.

This Kirtland Warbler has been rediscovered recently through efforts of Mrs. Butler, curator for the Lakewood Historical society and is now available in a water color family grouping (pictured above) on good quality notepaper as a project for the Society.

Said Mrs. Butler: "Dr. Kirtland is the only Lakewood man to have had a bird named for him. He also has the lone distinction of giving his name to a mollusk, a fossil plant, a water snake, a raspberry and a strawberry plant and a cherry tree."

When Professor S.F. Baird of Smithsonian named the new warbler 'Dendroica Kirtland' he said it was named in honor of a 'gentleman to whom, more than anyone living, we are indebted for a knowledge of the natural history of the Mississippi Valley.'
 
 

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7:16
KRAKOWSKY, JACOB
NEWSPAPER CLIPPING, April 6, 1934

Jacob Krakowsky, well-known Lakewood artist, will display his exhibit of paintings at 14323 Madison avenue from April 7 to April 30 inclusive. It is the same group exhibited recently at Webb C. Ball's art show with about twelve additional numbers. Featured in the display will be Pastels, Charcoal, Oils and Pencil Portraits.

The exhibit includes portraitures of many Lakewood people prominent among them being those of Miss Joan Dyment, 17456 Clifton Boulevard; Miss Helen Groom, 15635 Lakewood Heights Boulevard, Miss Dorothy Carson, 1601 Elmwood Avenue, "Chickie" and Sally Ruth Latch, 1451 Lakeland Avenue, and Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Krakowsky, 1630 Lincoln Avenue.

Krakowsky is rapidly gaining a prominent niche in the field of art as he has already won the George Bellows Memorial award for three successive years; he has received the Watson Guptill scholarship at Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, New York and many favorable comments from responsible critics of art including Maurice Robinson in the Carnegie Magazine. He has just recently returned from New York City where he spend one year painting murals fro stage settings. These included one of Ethel Barrymore Colt and Ross Alexander.
 
 

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7:17
A TRIBUTE TO 60 YEAR MASTER PRINTER
By Ruth J. Spieth

E. George Lindstrom, born in Sweden, February 24, 1879, son of Gustaf and Matilda Lindstrom....Graduated from the elementary schools of Oil City, Pa....Indentured in the composing room of the Oil City Derrick, 1901....Graduated 1903 from International Correspondence School, Scranton, Pa....In 1905 went to New York and took a course in the Mergenthaler Instruction School, then to Cleveland, where he worked on the Plain Dealer....On August 16, 1905, he married Miss Marion Spears, daughter of James and Jennie Spears. Have one daughter, Ruth, and a granddaughter, Rachel....Returned to Johnstown, N.Y. and worked on the Journal....took a keen interest in the Tuberculosis campaign for a county hospital....instigator in the acquisition of the Fenton Homestead as a memorial to the late Governor Fenton....Entered politics, elected, and served three terms as County Supervisor 1910-1916. Served as chairman of the Benevolence Committee and traveled extensively in the State of New York and Canada with the committee....Appointed to serve on the tax committee by Mayor S.A. Carlson, and a delegate to the New York Tax Conference at Utica....Wrote for magazines and newspapers and lectured in the city, county and state....Served seven terms as President of Jamestown Typo. Union; delegate to the National Typo. Union Convention in Cleveland....Appointed to Trade Schools Committee by Mayor Weeks of Jamestown and made an address at the convention at Niagara Falls....In 1901 went to Pan-American Exposition at Buffalo, worked on the dailies and covered the Fair for the duration; heard President McKinley make his last speech and a few minutes later was assassinated by Leon Czolgos at Temple of Music and died at the Milburn home September 14, 1901....Worked on Rockport Journal, sang in First Methodist Church choir, and in the chorus at Olcott Beach in honor of Gov. B.B. O'Dell, and later in Pirates of Penzance at Hodge Opera House....In New York City he worked for New York Herald during Russo-Japanese War....took a keen interest in New York International Sunshine Society, danced the minuet at their convention at Waldorf-Astoria Hotel for 1903....Went to Boston Globe, visited Plymouth and Salem....returned to Cleveland and associated with the Plain Dealer....In 1919 founded his own linotype plant, and in 1924 started the Masonic High Twelve, a copy of which is deposited in a Masonic Crypt in Waynesville, made from stones gathered from all parts of the world in the Smoky Mountains in 1935....spent his leisure time writing the historical novel "Out of the Sand" dealing with the drilling of the first oil well in Titusville, Pa. in 1859 and in 1959 attended the 100th anniversary....Wrote the history of Lakewood, Ohio, copies of which were deposited in cornerstones of three churches, a high school and libraries...Authored many booklets, short stories and pamphlets...Along with Dr. Dowd he lectured with lantern slides in institutions in Cleveland entertaining children....At 60 he sold his plant and has since worked on the Cleveland Plain Dealer and the Press as proofreader...He joined the Masonic Order in Jamestown, in 1912, and is a past master of Lakewood Council, and a Past High Priest of Cunningham Chapter....Attended the Louisiana purchase Exposition in St. Louis...Spent several winters in Hollywood and Miami, Florida, and a week in Cuba....Attended the Shrine Convention in Denver, and at Atlantic City and a Shrine Pilgrimage to George Washington Memorial, Mr. Vernon and Arlington Cemetery....Been a contributor to Masonic Magazines and Journals here and abroad.
 
 

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7:18
E. GEORGE LINDSTROM
By Mrs. Theo. W. Spieth

E. George Lindstrom was born in Sweden February 24, 1879, and came to America when but a few years of age. He attended the public schools at Oil City, Pa., and at the end of his school days became an apprentice on the Oil City Derrick.

He spent some years traveling in New York and New England States and later attended the linotype school at the Mergenthaler factory. From there he went to Cleveland, O., and was employed on the Cleveland Plain Dealer.

Mr. Lindstrom has always been a Republican in politics, and shortly after his residence in Jamestown he took a deep interest in the welfare of the community, started a campaign against tuberculosis, which resulted in a public state exhibit and meeting in the Armory, at which he made one of the principal addresses. As Secretary of the Jamestown Tuberculosis Committee he spoke in nearly all of the towns in Chautauqua County on the subject. He took so much interest in public affairs and was so enthusiastic over the campaign that his friends prevailed upon him to accept the nomination for the office of County Supervisor from Jamestown. A conference of the voters was called and he was endorsed at that meeting, being opposed by a wealthy manufacturer. At the spring election in April 1910, he was elected by a substantial plurality. He held that office for ten years without any serious opposition, an unusual occurrence, as men have been known to spend considerable money to secure the nomination and election. This he never had to do. He stood high in the estimation of his constituents.

In the county legislature he fought to secure a county tuberculosis hospital and at last it was finally accomplished, as it was decided to accept a bequest and build a $100,000 hospital for consumptives. He was Chairman of the Military affairs Committee for two years; Chairman of the State Benevolence Committee for two years and inspected a large number of the institutions throughout the state of New York where Chautauqua county patients are inmates. His reports on this investigation has been the subject of wide comment by various state and local newspapers. Mr. Lindstrom was always on the ground when matters of importance came before the Board and had many friends in the county and his honesty and integrity was beyond reproach.

On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln, Mayor Carlson appointed him on the general committee to make arrangement for the celebration.

During the same year he was also appointed by the Mayor to serve on the tax committee to devise a new system of city taxation and was a delegate to the State Tax Conference held at Utica, N.Y.

As a writer on economic subjects he has had marked success. Many newspapers and magazines have published his articles and has been correspondent for various journals and furniture magazines. He has also prepared numerous papers and spoken before many audiences in the city and county.

In the labor movement Mr. Lindstrom has taken an active part. He served as Secretary of the Jamestown Central Labor Council for a number of years; served as President of the Jamestown Typographical Union No. 205 for seven years; attended the New York State Federation of Labor Convention at Niagara Falls, where he delivered an address on "Tuberculosis and the Laboring Man," which was published in full and commented on editorially by the Niagara Falls Gazette. He also was delegate to the International Typographical Union Convention held at Cleveland, Ohio, in 1914. He is a frequent contributor to labor journals.

Mr. Lindstrom has been active in church work, being elected Secretary of the Jamestown Methodist Brotherhood for three years. He has spoken before various Brotherhood organizations and is a frequent contributor to church magazines.

Mr. Lindstrom is a regular "joiner". He is a member of the Mt. Moriah Lodge, No. 145, Free and Accepted Masons of Jamestown, Western Sun Chapter, R.A.M.; Past High Priest of Cunningham Chapter, Royal Arch Masons of Lakewood; Past Ill. Master of Lakewood Council, Royal and Select Masters; Independent Order of Odd Fellows, Knights of the Maccabees; Cleveland Typographical Union No. 53; Knights of Pythias.

June 9, 1916, Mr. Lindstrom resigned his office on the Board of Supervisors and moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where he is again engaged in the typesetting business. He purchased a home at 1462 Rosewood Avenue, Lakewood, Ohio.

During the Presidential campaign in 1916 Mr. Lindstrom received an invitation to go to Jamestown from Cleveland and speak to the factory workers on the labor issues. He visited and spoke to thousands of men during that week preceding the general election.

On May 19, at the Hollenden Hotel, Mr. Lindstrom organized a Chautauqua Society and was elected its first president. On June 19, he arranged for the first banquet at the Hotel Olmsted where he presided and introduced Governor H.L. Davis, who made the principal address.
 
 

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7:19
E. GEORGE LINDSTROM
E. GEORGE LINDSTROM'S UNPUBLISHED MATERIAL

This is the story of the man who conceived this "Story of Lakewood."

For years E. George Lindstrom has been the moving spirit of the Lakewood Historical Society, and for years he has bewailed the lack of any comprehensive history of the city.

In the attic study of his home at 1462 Rosewood avenue there are scores of short articles--many of them written by himself--pertaining to the origin and growth of the city.

Lakewood High School students, assigned to write essays, and many others interested in Lakewood's history, have frequently come to him for facts. The bulk of the matter in this book is based on his material.

Incidentally, the type for these pages was set in Mr. Lindstrom's composing plant at 1104 Prospect avenue, Cleveland, which he has operated for the last twenty years.

Mr. Lindstrom, who was born in 1879, has been in the printing business all his life. He began as an apprentice on a newspaper, the Oil City (Pa.) Derrick, and then, like many a printer, "barnstormed" the country. He worked in Buffalo, New York, Brooklyn, Boston, and, in 1906, in Cleveland on the Plain Dealer.

Later he went to Jamestown, N.Y., and for five years was president of the Jamestown Typographical Union, the longest term ever held. There he also entered politics and was elected to the Chautauqua County Legislature for six years.

His antiquarian interest manifested itself at Titusville, Pa., in a movement to make a memorial park on the site of the first Drake oil well, drilled in 1859. This area is now part of a state park.

Bert Farrar, New York City, editor of "Who's Who in the Composing Room," said in a recent lengthy sketch:

"For a man only fifty-five years of age, E. George Lindstrom of Cleveland, Ohio, has about the longest list of achievements of any man that has been written about in the Who's Who in the Composing Room. And that's saying much.

"George runs a trade composition plant (Lindstrom's Snappy Linotype Service) at 1104 Prospect avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, and when the editor of Who's Who in the Composing Room was in Cleveland last month to make a talk on newspaper typography, he went around to see Mr. Lindstrom.

"My, what a man, and what a life of achievement! Also, what a versatile fellow, this Lindstrom!

"First of all, George didn't start to school until he was ten years of age. Says he wasn't close enough to a school, so he just didn't go, that's all. He left school when he was fifteen.

"Then he went to work on the Oil City Derrick, a newspaper of Oil City, Pennsylvania. He wanted to learn the newspaper "game," as he put it, and he wanted to especially to learn the composing room end of newspaper work.

"When George felt that he had learned enough to demand a man's pay he did just what hundreds, yes thousands, of other young comps have done--he began to barnstorm. He worked in Buffalo, Boston, and Brooklyn.

"In 1806 he landed in Cleveland and went to work on the Cleveland Plain Dealer. Something drew him to Cleveland. A very important something. The lady who is now Mrs. Lindstrom was living there at the time, and it has been rumored about that she was the reason why he gave up barnstorming among the B's and came back to Cleveland. Anyhow he was married in Cleveland.

"Soon after he was married he went to Jamestown, New York. During five of the seven years that he spent in Jamestown he was president of the Jamestown Typographical Union. During its fifty years of existence no man before or since George's time has ever held that job for five continuous years.

"George entered politics in Jamestown and was elected to the Chautauqua County Legislature. While in office he was responsible for having the county buy former Governor Fenton's home and turn it into a county soldiers' and sailors' memorial.

"You've heard of Titusville, Pennsylvania. Well, George started a movement to make a memorial park on the site of the first Drake Oil Well that was drilled in 1859. This well is now part of a state park--with many improvements--a perpetual monument to the beginning of a great industry.

"In 1916 Mr. Lindstrom figured that the best place to start a trade composition plant was a place where there should be a lot of trade composition.

"Since then, many printers in Cleveland have been "letting George do it" when it comes to type composition.

"Ever since he was a boy George wanted to write short stories. Now he writes many short stories--just for fun. I have read six of Mr. Lindstrom's short stories and he is going to take my advice and put them all in one book and sell them so that others besides his friends can enjoy them. He is one of the best story tellers you ever listened to, so get in your order for his new book.

"George is about the best posted Mason anyone would hope to meet. He is past High Priest of Cunningham Chapter, No. 187, R.A.M., Lakewood, Ohio. Lakewood is a suburb of Cleveland, in fact it is THE suburb of Cleveland.

"Mr. Lindstrom is editor and publisher of a Masonic paper--Masonic High Twelve. He has written many books and booklets on Masonry and he is in great demand as a lecturer on Masonry. One of "the boys" that we know in Cleveland says that George's lecture on the Masonic Third Degree is just about the most inspiring talk he ever heard.

"At the end of my visit with Mr. Lindstrom he said: 'Now don't lay it on too thick. I haven't done much. I've just kept busy finding things to do and then doing them. I am still far from the success that I planned.'

So--add to his many virtues and achievements the blessing of modesty.

"Hail, brother, and more power to you. You are an inspiration to any man. May your shadow never grow less."
 
 

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7:20
LOOMIS, ELISHA SCOTT
HISTORY OF CUYAHOGA COUNTY AND CLEVELAND
W.R. COATES -- Volume II, Pg. 47-49

Elisha Scott Loomis, educator, author and man of affairs of Lakewood, was born on a farm in Wadsworth Township, Medina County, this state, September 18, 852, son of the late Charles Wilson and Sarah (Oberholtzer) Loomis. The father was also a native of the Buckeye State, born in Franklin (now Kent), Portage County, July 12, 1828, and was married in Medina, Ohio to Miss Oberholtzer, whose birth occurred at Colebrookdale, Berks County, Pennsylvania, January 10, 1833. She was the daughter of Jacob B. and Mary (Renninger) Oberholtzer, a German family of note that has resided in the Keystone State for many generations.

Elisha S. Loomis, whose life record is very unusual and remarkable, was the eldest of seven brothers, and was but twelve years of age when his father died. The family soon scattered but Elisha was retained by his mother to assist with the work and to aid her in taking care of the two youngest children. Filled with the ambition to lighten the burden on his mother, young Elisha, when fourteen years of age, secured a place to work and received $3 per month for his services. At the end of two years he had saved $25, and this he immediately put out at interest. His wages were then increased to $6 per month, but he was obliged to wait six months for his pay in full. He was then offered $10 per month and this he accepted altho another family offered him $11 per month. The latter he would not accept for the people were rough and irreligious.

After the death of the father the mother rented a two-room log cabin for $12 per year, part of the rent being paid by giving some of the father's farming tools. They saw very hard times, and to get wheat bread often picked up scattered heads of wheat gleaned in the corners after the reapers. Young Loomis or Lumas had, for years, a regular program of going to school three or four months in the winter and working on farms the rest of the year. He must have been a lad of more than ordinary ability for he now holds four college degrees and is professor emeritus of mathematics of an Ohio university.

On the 10th of June, 1880, he was graduated from Baldwin University with the degree of Bachelor of Science; received the degree of Master of Arts at the same institution of learning July 17, 1886; Bachelor of Laws from Cleveland Law School of Baldwin-Wallace University on June 20, 1900, and was admitted to the bar of Ohio at the same date. He also holds the honored title of Professor emeritus at Baldwin-Wallace University. On July 5, 1890, he was granted a high school teacher's life certificate and began teaching. He was superintendent of schools at Shreve, Ohio, from 1876 to 1879; principal of Burbank Academy at Burbank, Ohio, from 1880 to 1881; principal of Richfield Central High School, Summit County, Ohio, from 1881 to 1885; professor of mathematics in Baldwin-Wallace University from 1885 to 1895, and from 1895 up to the close of 1923 was head of the department of mathematics in West High School of Cleveland. At the last mentioned date he retired on school pension, having reached the limit established by Ohio law which provides that no teacher of the public schools shall hold position after having reached the age of seventy years. He taught his first school, beginning in April, 1873, and completed his last term of teaching in June, 1923, thus rounding out a full half century of successful teaching, and but for the intervention of the Ohio school law limiting the age of teachers for school teaching he would have continued his school work for an indefinite period, would he have so desired, for his physical and mental faculties are unimpaired, and "his spirit is willing".

Professor Loomis is the author of "Theism, the Result of Completed Investigation", "The Teaching of Mathematics in High School", How to Attack an Original in Geometry", and also has completed but unpublished manuscript for "One Hundred and Twenty Possible Geometric Proofs of the Pythagorian Proposition"; he is also the author of "The Loomis Family in America" (1838-1908), a volume of 859 pages of genealogy; also author of "The Genealogy of the Oberholtzer Family in America" (now complete in M.S.S.) also of the brochure on "Dr. Mahlon Loomis and Wireless Telegraphy". Doctor Loomis was the first man in the world to send wireless messages unaided by artificial batteries, such distances as to convince the witnesses present that what he did far surpassed anything theretofore done by any other investigator. Dr. Loomis was at one time a Cuyahoga County citizen, and of the same family of Loomis as is Professor E.S.

He is a member of the National Educational Association, the Northeastern Ohio Teachers' Association and the Mathematical Association of Cleveland. He was made a Mason on February 25, 1885, by Meriden Sun Lodge No. 266, Free and Accepted Masons at Richfield, Ohio, and is now a member of Berea Lodge No. 382, Free and Accepted Masons, Berea, Ohio. He was made a Royal Arch Mason by Berea Chapter No. 134, May 17, 1889; became a member of Oriental Commandery No. 12, Knights Templar at Cleveland June 28, 1901; Lake Erie Consistory, Valley of Cleveland Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite Masons March 13, 1908, in which he has attained the thirty-second degree, and Al Koran Temple, Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, October 28, 1908.

Professor Loomis is active and prominent in business affairs of Lakewood and has been identified with the organization and conduct of several of its financial institutions. He is a director in the Guarantee Estates Company of Cleveland, director in the Commercial and Savings Bank of Berea, and director in the France Manufacturing Company of Cleveland.

He was married on June 17, 1880, to Miss Letitia E. Shire, a native of Hardy Township, Holmes County, Ohio, born April 17, 1856, and the daughter of Henry and Martha Ann (Welch) Shire. Mrs. Loomis is prominent in social circles and is especially interested in W.C.T.U. work. To this marriage have been born the following children: Elatus G., who married Miss Zoe E. Clark and they have a daughter, Clara Byrde; Clara Icona married Robert L. Lechner and they have a son and daughter, Robert L. (2d) and Jean.
 
 

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7:21
LYNCH, CHARLES P.
HISTORY OF THE CITY OF LAKEWOOD - F.C. Lowing

The present superintendent (of schools), Charles P. Lynch, was born in Meadville, Pennsylvania, July 29, 1858. His early years were spent in the public schools of Ohio communities in which he lived, but after acquiring a high school education he completed his studies in Allegheny College, Meadville, in 1996. He was given his A.B. in 1889, A.M. in 1897, and after a post graduate course, was given the degree of Ph.D. He taught in Youngstown grammar school from 1876-81, was principal in Warren High from 1886-91, taught Latin in Cleveland Central High in 1902, was principal in West High in 1906; and has been superintendent of Lakewood schools since April, 1901.

Superintendent Lynch is proving an efficient educator and a director of the educational destinies of the Lakewood school. The schools under his direction have made advancement that meets the approval of citizens and patrons. He has gathered about him an efficient corps of teachers and with their aid the Lakewood schools are fast attaining an exceptioanlly high standard of efficiency and popularity.

Mr. Lynch is a member of Phi Delta Theta and Phi Delta Kappa fraternity, a member, too, of the National Educational Association of America, and of the Ohio State Teachers' Association. He is also an active, progressive member in the Lakewood M.E. Church.
 
 

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7:22
CHARLES P. LYNCH, 75, LAKEWOOD EDUCATOR, DIES
Cleveland Plain Dealer January 13, 1934

Former Superintendent Retired After 46 Years as Teacher; Prominent in Church Activities.

Charles P. Lynch, former superintendent of Lakewood public schools and prominent church member, died last night at his home, 1289 Andrews Avenue, Lakewood. Mr. Lynch underwent an operation in October and suffered a stroke Dec. 26.

Funeral services will be at 3 p.m. Monday at Lakewood Methodist Church, Detroit and Summit Avenues. The body will be taken to Warren, O., for burial Tuesday noon.

When Mr. Lynch definitely retired six years ago after 46 years as a teacher and school administrator he really retired. He had read Edward Bok's "The Making of an American," and remembered the advice to retire while the capacity to enjoy life remained.

Mr. Lynch had the capacity. He was then 69. He and Mrs. Lynch went to Europe and did "a lot of gypsying around the country." When he was not traveling he was finding recreation in his flower garden.

"I want to step out when I am still at the top," he said when he resigned as Lakewood's school superintendent and announced he intended to finish his career serving the church.

"I hope to be of service in the community while I still have the force to carry on. I want to develop the qualities of men in church organizations. Women do practically everything in churches today. I think the future of the church rests on the utilization of its tremendous man power."

Mr. Lynch was a genuine full-time superintendent before his retirement. He was not only public school superintendent but Sunday school superintendent of Lakewood Methodist Church. He was also chairman of the Laymen's Association of the Cleveland district, had also served as president of the Methodist Union of Cleveland and had been president of the Federated Churches.

He was born in Meadville, Pa., in 1858, and educated in the public schools of Meadville and Girard, O. He was graduated from Allegheny College in 1886 and received a Ph.D. in 1897.

Came to City in 1891.

He came to Cleveland as a teacher of Latin in Central High School in 1891 after teaching several years in Ohio county and village schools. He was assistant superintendent of Cleveland schools from 1902 to 1906, became principal of West High School in 1906 and left there to become Lakewood superintendent in 1911.

When Mr. Lynch went to Lakewood the schools had about 2,000 pupils in a few old buildings. When he left the system had about `0,000 pupils housed in nineteen modern buildings.

When he left school work, saying that he would finish his career serving the church, a committee of 32 ministers presented a gold medal to him as the man who had served Lakewood best.

Although the schools and his church were his two principal interests in life, he found time for many other civic activities. He was a member of the Sons of the American Revolution, the Lakewood Chamber of Commerce and the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce, the corporation of the Y.M.C.A., Al Koran Shrine, and state and national education associations.

He is survived by his wife, Mary, and a daughter, Mrs. Laura Albright, Plattsburg, N.Y.
 
 

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