Susan Brownell Anthony
Susan was born in Adams, Massachusetts in 1820, she championed the social causes of temperance, abolition, women's rights, and labor, using all of her considerable skill to remake the world. She spoke, wrote, organized, circulated petitions, edited a newspaper and taught school. Gertrude Stein called her "the mother of us all." Susan died in 1906.
Friends of Susan B. Anthony. Most everyone knew of Susan B. Anthony and her work with suffrage. Many people called her "Aunt Susan." The following is a list of women who knew Susan B. Anthony or worked with her in the suffrage movement. Some of the figures are on the Women in History performance list.
ACTIVITY: Choose one of Susan B. Anthony's friends and find out more about her.
Susan B. Anthony worked in the Temperance Movement, the Anti-Slavery Movement and the Women's Rights Movement, but she dedicated the majority of her life to "The Cause" or suffrage, getting women the right to vote. To gain suffrage for women Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton worked as partners for 51 years.
ACTIVITY: Organize an 1848 Women's Rights Rally. Have the students choose a partner to work with. Possibly, one student could write a speech (Elizabeth Cady Stanton) and the other could give the speech (Susan B. Anthony). Have each team choose a topic from the rights denied women in 1848: Money; Education; Working; Speaking; Property; Voting.
Create Women's Rights posters and signs using the partner concept.
Have someone read the Susan B. Anthony amendment. When did women gain the right to vote? (1920). How long did it take for women to get the right to vote from the time of the first Women's Rights Convention? (72 years).
OBJECTIVES: Democratic Processes Grades 3-5; Citizenship Rights & Responsibilities Grades 3-5. Skills: co-operation, group skills, fact vs. opinion, citizenship traits.
SENSITIVITY SESSION: This exercise whould help the students experience what it was like for women not to have the right to vote. Create a class voting situation. Choose an issue in which all students would like to participate, such as a class party, field trip, etc.. Describe the options but do not tell the students that certain ones will not be able to vote. When the students raise their hands to vote, tell each boy (or, blue-eyed, brown-haired student - your choice) that he cannot vote. Speak to each one and tell him you understand he would like to participate but may not. Inevitably some boys will become angry, some will say they do not care and some will want to know why. Point out that when women could not vote, many felt the same way -- some were angry, some demanded their rights and some were apathetic. Use this exercise to discuss how Susan B. Anthony felt when she was arrested, put on trial and fined for voting in 1872. Discuss voting as a right and responsibility.
OBJECTIVES: Citizenship Rights & Responsibility; People in Society - Diversity & Comparison Grade 3-5.
Susan B. Anthony traveled thousands of miles each year throughout the United States and Europe giving speeches on suffrage (75 to 100 speeches per year for 45 years). She traveled by carriage, wagon, train, mule, stagecoach, ship, ferry boat and sleigh.
ACTIVITY: compare the different types of transportation Susan B. Anthony used. Which was the fastest/slowest? the most comfortable/uncomfortable? Discuss why it was necessary for Miss Anthony to travel to communicate her message about suffrage. Discuss her communications options from 1851 to 1900. (She did publish her own newspaper about suffrage from 1868 to 1870 but she had to stop publication due to a $10,000 debt.)
OBJECTIVES: American Heritage - Transportation & Communication Grade 5.
On May 25, 1892 Susan B. Anthony participated in the Eighth Annual Ohio Woman's Suffrage Convention in Salem, Ohio.
ACTIVITY: Using a map, trace her probable route from Rochester, New York to Salem, Ohio. (In 1892 a train traveled from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Cleveland, Ohio with stops in Alliance and Salem. Trains traveled approximately 40 mph. How long did this trip take? How long would it take today?
OBJECTIVES: American Heritage - Geography Grade 3; Ohio History Grade 4; Transportation Grade 5.
Also, Booker T. Washington spoke in Salem, Ohio on June 22, 1906 to celebrate the Anti-slavery Movement.
ACTIVITY: What other information can you find out about Salem, Ohio?
OBJECTIVES: American Heritiage - Ohio History Grade 4; People in Societies - Communities Grade 3; Ohio History Grade 4