NAME: Sally Hemings
DATE OF BIRTH: c.1773
PLACE OF BIRTH: Virginia
DATE OF DEATH: c. 1835
PLACE OF DEATH: Virginia
FAMILY BACKGROUND: Sally Hemings was born to slave master and sea captain, John Wayles and his slave Elizabeth "Betty" Hemings. John Wayles died the year Sally was born. Sally's family then became the property of Thomas Jefferson. Sally's eldest son, Madison Hemmings, accounts that Thomas Jeffereson is the father of Sally's children.
EDUCATION: As a maid in France, Sally received domestic servant training. It is uncertain whether or not she was literate.
ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Sally Hemings was the personal servant to Thomas Jefferson's daughter, Mary, later known as Maria. At the age of fourteen, Sally escorted Mary to France where Sally became very much a part of French society. Upon returning, she also became the maid to Jefferson's daughter, Martha.
After the death of Thomas Jefferson, Sally stayed at Monticello, caring for Martha and her family. Financial hardships which fell on the Jefferson family prevented Sally from leaving Monticello.
Bear, James A., Jr.. "The Hemings Family of Monticello," Virginia Cavalcade 29. 1979.
Betts, Edwin Morris, ed. Thomas Jefferson's Farm Book. 1953. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1953.
Brodie, Fawn M. Thomas Jefferson: An Intimate History. New York: Naughton, 1974
Dabney, Virginius. The Jefferson Scandals: A Rebuttle. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1981.
Woodson, Byron W. A President in the Family : Thomas Jefferson, Sally Hemings, and Thomas Woodson. Westport: Praeger, 2001.
Sally Hemings - Monticello page
Sally Hemings - Gale Group Women's History Month
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